Stump's Forgiveness


  • Brandon Warmke Bowling Green State University



Forgiveness, atonement, satisfaction, repentance


To love someone, Eleonore Stump tells us, is to have two desires: a desire her objective good and a desire for union with her. In Atonement, Stump claims that loving someone—understood as having these desires—is necessary and sufficient for morally appropriate forgiveness. I offer several arguments against this claim.


Bash, Anthony. 2015. Forgiveness: A Theology. Cascade Books.

Catholic Church. 2012. Catechism of the Catholic Church. Vatican City: Libreria Editrice Vaticana.

McKenna, Michael. 2012. Conversation and Responsibility. New York: Oxford Univ. Press.

Ramelli, Ilaria L. E. 2011. “Unconditional Forgiveness in Christianity? Some Reflections on Ancient Christian Sources and Practices”, in The Ethics of Forgiveness: A Collection of Essays, Christel Fricke (ed.), Routledge: New York: 30–48.

Strabbing, Jada Twedt. 2017. “Divine Forgiveness and Reconciliation”, Faith and Philosophy 34: 272–297. doi:10.5840/faithphil20178283.

Stump, Eleonore. 2018. Atonement. Oxford Univ. Press.

Swinburne, Richard. 1989. Responsibility and Atonement. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press.

Tosi, Justin and Brandon Warmke. 2017. “Punishment and Forgiveness”, Routledge Handbook of Criminal Justice Ethics, Jonathan Jacobs and Jonathan Jackson (eds.): 203–216.

Warmke, Brandon. 2011. “Is Forgiveness the Deliberate Refusal to Punish?” Journal of Moral Philosophy 8(4): 613–620. doi:10.1163/174552411X601085.

— . 2013. “Two Arguments against the Punishment-Forbearance Account of

Forgiveness”, Philosophical Studies 165 (3): 915–920. doi:10.1007/s11098–012–9996–2.

— . 2016a. “The Economic Model of Forgiveness”, Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 97: 570–589. doi:10.1111/papq.12055.

— . 2016b. “The Normative Significance of Forgiveness”, Australasian Journal of Philosophy 94: 687–703. doi:10.1080/00048402.2015.1126850.

— . 2017a. “Divine Forgiveness I: Emotion and Punishment-Forbearance Theories”, Philosophy Compass. doi:10.1111/phc3.12440.

— . 2017b. “Divine Forgiveness II: Reconciliation and Debt-Cancellation Theories”, Philosophy Compass. doi:10.1111/phc3.12439.

— . 2017c. “God’s Standing to Forgive”, Faith and Philosophy 34: 381–402. doi:10.5840/ faithphil201711690.



How to Cite

Warmke, Brandon. 2019. “Stump’s Forgiveness”. European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 11 (1):145-63.