Being Perfect is Not Necessary for Being God


  • Jeanine Diller University of Toledo, Ohio



Classic perfect being theologians take ‘being perfect’ (or some careful variant thereof) to be conceptually necessary and sufficient for being God. I argue that this claim is false because being perfect is not conceptually necessary for being God. I rest my case on a simple thought experiment inspired by an alternative I developed to perfect being theology that I call “functional theology.” My findings, if correct, are a boon for theists since if it should turn out that there is no perfect being, there could still be a God.


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How to Cite

Diller, Jeanine. 2019. “Being Perfect Is Not Necessary for Being God”. European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 11 (2):43-64.