Aquinas on Predication and Future Contingents. A Reply to Costa

Authors

  • Luca Gili Département de philosophie Université du Québec à Montréal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24204/ejpr.v12i3.3346

Abstract

In his paper “Aquinas, Geach, and Existence”, D. Costa maintains that Aquinas’ solution to the puzzle of future contingent events entails that future contingent entities already exist (in God’s perspective). This is tantamount to state that Aquinas endorsed a form of eternalism, since he maintained that past, present and future timelessly exist in God’s sight. I object that Aquinas’ texts are also compatible with another reading. In any statement of the form “S will be P”, the verb “will be” simply states the truth of the predicative link between S and P, not the existence of either S or P. In other words, I take the verb “to be” occurring in sentences describing future events as having the meaning of the “esse ut verum” (“being as true”).

References

Barzaghi, Giuseppe. 2000. Oltre Dio ovvero omnia in omnibus: Pensieri su Dio, il divino, la deità. Translated by Giorgio Barghigiani. Bologna.

Costa, Damiano. 2019. “Aquinas, Geach, and Existence”. European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 11, no. 3: 175–95. doi:10.24204/ejpr.v11i3.2837.

Gili, Luca. forthcoming. “Aristotle, De Interpretatione 3: Tensing the Verbs”. In Le langage: Lectures d’Aristote, edited by L. Gazziero. Leuven: Peeters.

Kahn, Charles H. 2003. The Verb “Be” in Ancient Greek. Indianapolis, IN: Hackett.

Llano, Alejandro. 2001. “The different meanings of ‘being’ according to Aristotle and Aquinas”. Acta Philosophica 10, no. 1: Acta Philosophica. https://dadun.unav.edu/handle/10171/41694.

Martin, Chris. 1984. “A Distinction between different Notions of Existence in the Writings of St Thomas Aquinas, and its Use to Distinguish Logic from Metaphysics”. DPhil Dissertation, University of Oxford.

Oesterle, Jean T. 1962. Aristotle: On Interpretation. Commentary by Thomas Aquinas Finished by Cardinal Cajetan. Milwaukee, WI: Marquette Univ. Press.

Porro, Pasquale. 2002. “Universaux et esse essentiae: Avicenne, Henri de Gand et le ‘Troisième Reich’”. In Le réalisme des universaux, edited by Vincent Carraud, 9–51. Caen: Presses univ. de Caen.

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Published

2020-09-24

How to Cite

Gili, Luca. 2020. “Aquinas on Predication and Future Contingents. A Reply to Costa”. European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 12 (3):215-24. https://doi.org/10.24204/ejpr.v12i3.3346.