An Epistemological Corrective to Doctrines of Assurance


  • Jonathan C. Rutledge University of St Andrews



Many Christian traditions affirm a doctrine of assurance. According to this doctrine, those who are saved have assurance of their own salvation; that is, the doctrine of assurance tells us that the elect can know their status as elect. In this paper, I explore two developments of the doctrine of assurance by theologians (i.e. John Calvin & Kenneth Keathley) and argue that they fail to accommodate the fallibilistic nature of human knowing. I then develop a fallibilistic doctrine of assurance, which makes such assurance available to most Christians, and respond to an objection from the camp of pragmatic encroachment.



How to Cite

Rutledge, Jonathan C. 2017. “An Epistemological Corrective to Doctrines of Assurance”. European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 9 (1):163-77.



Research Articles