Between the Infinite and the Finite: God, Hegel and Disagreement
AbstractIn this article, I consider the importance of philosophy in the dialogue between religious believers and non-believers. I begin by arguing that a new epistemology of epistemic peer disagreement is required if the dialogue is to progress. Rather than viewing the differences between the positions as due to a deficit of understanding, I argue that differences result from the existential anchoring of such enquiries in life projects and the under-determination of interpretations by experience. I then explore a central issue which is often implicit in these dialogues, namely the ontological status of God-world relations. Drawing on the reflections of Hegel on the infinite and the finite, I argue that his version of panentheism provides an insightful way to conceptualise God-world relations that avoids both dualistic and monistic approaches and helps to explicate a holistic ontology of transcendence from within the world of experience.
Bobik, Joseph, ed. 1965. Aquinas on Being and Essence: A Translation and Interpretation. Notre Dame, IN: Notre Dame Univ. Press.
Carroll, Anthony. 2007. Protestant Modernity: Weber, Secularisation and Protestantism. Scranton, PA: Univ. of Scranton Press.
Carroll, Anthony, and Richard Norman, eds. 2017. Religion and Atheism: Beyond the Divide. London: Routledge.
Desmond, William. 2003. Hegel’s Counterfeit Double? Aldershot, VT: Ashgate.
Ellis, Fiona. 2014. God, Value, & Nature. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press.
Farneth, Molly. 2017. Hegel’s Social Ethic: Religion, Conflict, and Rituals of Reconciliation. Princeton, NJ: Princeton Univ. Press.
Hegel, Georg W. F. 1984. Lectures on the Philosophy of Religion. Volume 1: Introduction and the Concept of Religion. Berkeley, CA: Univ. of California Press; Translation by R. F. Brown, P. C. Hodgson, and J. M. Stewart.
—. 1988. Phänomenologie des Geistes. Hamburg: Felix Meiner.
—. 1991. Encyclopedia Logic. Indianapolis, IN: Hacker.
—. 2012. Elements of the Philosophy of Right. Edited by Allen W. Wood. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press; Translation by H. B. Nisbet.
Hodgson, Peter C. 2012. Hegel and Christian Theology: A Reading of the Lectures on the Philosophy of History. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press.
Honneth, Axel. 2014. Freedom’s Right: The Social Foundations of Democratic Life. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Kant, Immanuel. 1998. Kritik der Reinen Vernunft. Hamburg: Felix Meiner.
Kasper, Walter. 1984. The God of Jesus Christ. London: SCM Press.
Kenny, Anthony. 2015. “Knowledge, Belief, and Faith”. In Philosophers of Our Time, edited by Ted Honderich, 257–70. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press.
Marquez, Leander P. 2016. “Belief as Seeing-As”. Kritike 10, no. 1: 213–35.
Neuhouser, Frederick. 2000. Foundations of Hegel’s Social Theory: Actualizing Freedom. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Univ. Press.
Rahner, Karl. 1976. Grundkurs des Glaubens: Einführung in den Begriff des Christentums. Freiburg im Breisgau: Herder Verlag.
Sontag, Frederick. 1973. “Being and God: Universal Categories and Particular Being”. Religious Studies 9, no. 4: 437–48.
Stump, Eleonore. 2016. The God of the Bible and the God of the Philosophers. Milwaukee, WI: Marquette Univ. Press.
Taylor, Charles. 2007. A Secular Age. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Univ. Press.
Williams, Robert R. 1997. Hegel’s Ethics of Recognition. Berkeley, CA: Univ. of California Press.
—. 2012. Tragedy, Recognition, and the Death of God. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press.
Wisdom, John. 1945. “Gods”. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 45, no. 1: 185–206. doi:10.1093/aristotelian/45.1.185.