Representing the Parent Analogy


  • Jannai Shields Western Kentucky University



Problem of Evil, Evidential Argument, Skeptical Theism, Parent Analogy


I argue that Stephen Wykstra’s much discussed Parent Analogy is helpful in responding to the evidential problem of evil when it is expanded upon from a positive skeptical theist framework. This framework, defended by John Depoe, says that although we often remain in the dark about the first-order reasons that God allows particular instances of suffering, we can have positive second-order reasons that God would create a world with seemingly gratuitous evils. I respond to recent challenges to the Parent Analogy by arguing that God, like a good parent, wants a rightly ordered relationship of mutual love with created beings.


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How to Cite

Shields, Jannai. 2021. “Representing the Parent Analogy”. European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 13 (4).



Research Articles